Martin Neil Baily of the Brookings Institute has a detailed and engaging analysis of the US economy in "The Next Economy and the Growth Challenge for the United States" (PDF of full report). It is long but worth reading in full. One of the important contributions of this paper, in my view, is his review of US employment changes by sector in the last two decades to assess where future employment growth is likely to be and his attempt to understand the link between productivity growth in the U.S. and employment. I have excerpted some sections and emphasized some portions in bold.
The first chart below is from his paper and his observation [page 29] is that:
...the big-time job creators since 1990 have been professional and business services, education and health, leisure and hospitality, government, and retail trade and most of the job growth going forward is likely to come from these sectors also.
However, even if we do get job growth in these sectors, look at his prognosis overall for these sectors: